Beijing Local Guide Service


Geography of China
China is the third largest country in area and the biggest country in population with 1.3 billion people. Located in east part of Asia on the west of the Pacific Ocean, China is the world's third largest country in area, after Russia and Canada. Covering an area of 9.6 million square kilometers and with a coastline of 18,000 kilometers, its shape on the map is like a rooster. It reaches Mohe in Heilongjiang Province as its northern end, Zengmu Ansha Reef as its southern tip, Pamirs to the west end and the confluence of the Heilongjiang (Amur) River and the Ussuri River as its eastern most. From east to west it is 5200km wide. From north to south it is 5500km long. China spans about 50 degrees of latitude and 62 degrees of longitude. China shares the border with a lot of countries such as DPRK, Vietnam, Laos, Burma, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Russia. The land boundary line is over 20,000km.
Topography of China
China has plateaus, mountains, basins, foothills and, plains. The mountains and plateaus occupy nearly two-thirds of the land. The terrain of China is higher in the west and lower in the east, which is like a three-step ladder.
The highest ladder consist of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau at the average altitude of over 4,000 meters high, with the Kunlun Mountain range, Qilian Mountain range and Hengduan Mountain ranges as the division between the first ladder and the second one. The highest peak in the world, Everest, at 8844.43 meters high is known as 'the Roof of the World'.
On the second ladder there are large basins and plateaus, most of which are 1,000 - 2,000 meters high. The Daxing'anling Mountain, Taihang Mountain, Wu Mountain and Xuefeng Mountain divide this ladder and the next lower one. Plateaus including Inner Mongolian Plateu, the Loess Plateau, Yungui Plateau, and basins such as Tarim Basin, Zhunge’er Basin, and Sichuan Basin are situated here.
The third ladder has broad plains dotted with the foothills and lower mountains, with the altitudes of 500 meters below. Here are located famous plains: the Northeast Plain, the North China Plain, and the Middle-Lower Reach Plain of Yangtze River. China has a lot of islands among which Taiwan Island and Hainan Island are two biggest ones. Liaodong Peninsula and Shandong Peninsula are two biggest peninsulas in China. The Yellow Sea, East China Sea and South China Sea are China’s neighboring seas. The Bohai Sea is the territorial sea of China.
Main rivers and lakes in China
China has a lot of rivers. The 6300 kilometers long Yangtze River is the longest river in China. The Yellow River (5500km) is the second longest rive in China, which is also called the Mother Rive of China because it is the cradle of the ancient Chinese civilization. Other rivers such as the Pearl River in the south, Huaihe River in the east, Heilong Jiang River in the north and Lancangjiang River (Mekong River) in the south west are also important rivers. China also has big lakes such as Qinghai Lake which is a saltwater lake, Dongting Lake, Poyang Lake, Taihu Lake and Chaohu Lake which are freshwater lakes. China also has big Gobi desert such as Takalamagan Desert which is around 320 thousand square km big.
More about China’s geography is as below:

Climate of China Administrative Divisions of China
Population and Nationality Political System and State Structure
Resources of China China's Economy
China's Foreign relations China's Education
China's Social Security China's Transportation system

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