The nature bestows China numerous beautiful mountains.
The long history and splendid culture of China make the mountains
have more cultural connotations. Chinese people believe the mountains
have soul and nimbus so they always make a pilgrim to these sacred
mountains. Buddhists and Taoists built temples on the beautifuls
and lived there to cultivate themselves. The scholars were inspired
by the mountains and left numerous writings.To visit the famous
mountains in China not only can please your eyes but also can enrich
your knowledge and sublime your spirit.
Mt. Tai (Taishan)
Mt.Taishan locates in Taian City of Shandong Province. With the
height of 1532 meters, it is regarded as the Chief of “Five Sacred
Mountains” in China. For 2,000 years Mt. Tai was the object for
Chinese emperors to pilgrimage. According to historical records,
72 emperors once visited Mt. Tai and held sacrificial ceremonies
on Mt. Tai. Many scholars were inspired by Mt. Tai to leave abundant
poems, easies and inscriptions. That added rich cultural atmosphere
to the beautiful landscape of Mt. Tai. Mt. Tai also played an important
role in the development of Buddhism and Taoism.
Mt. Tai is also famous for its ancient architectures. Dai Temple
at the foot of the mountain is one of several major palace architectural
complexes in China. The Azure Clouds Temple near the top of the
mountain (Jade Emperor Summit) is another grand building complex
with a special combination of metal components, wood, and bricks
and stone structures. From the Taishan Temple to the Azure Clouds
Temple there are numerous stone tablets and inscriptions and ancient
buildings on the way. Visitors can enjoy much pleasure from climbing
Mt.Tai. From the red gate at the foot of the mountain to the South
Heaven Gate there are around 7,000 stone steps. Each step offers
a different view.
Mt. Tai is famous for its four natural wonders: Sunrises from the
East, the Sunset Glow, the Sea of Clouds and the Golden Belt along
the Yellow River. Mt. Tai was listed in the World Natural and Cultural
Heritage List of UNESCO in 1987.
The Yellow Mountain (Huangshan)
Top of Mount Tai
Bens of The Stairway
Rising From the Cloud
The Yellow Mountain is called Huangshan in Chinese. It is a mountain
range in southern Anhui province in Eastern China.
The mountains were formed in the Mesozoic, about 100 million years
ago, when an ancient sea disappeared due to uplift of the earth’s
surface. Later, in the Quaternary, the landscape was shaped by the
influence of glaciers.
The Yellow Mountains are a marvel with a lot of mountains above 1000meters
high. There are three peaks such as Lotus peak; Brightness Summit
and Celestial Capital Peak exceeding 1800meters high. The Yellow Mountains
change their colors and appearance magically with the alternation
of seasons and weather. The mountains are a body of granite, often
with vertical joints. Erosion and fracture contributed to shape the
rocks into huge columns giving rise to lofty peaks and deep ravines.
When it is cloudy the pinnacles loom in mists as if they were visionary,
while in sunshine they unfold in all their majesty and splendor. In
winter time silver branches of trees and rocks please people’s eyes
in special view.
Owing to the peculiar terrain, the distribution of vegetation is also
distinctive: plants on the summit, on the middle levels and at the
foot belong to the frigid, temperate and subtropical zones respectively.
There are many rare species of plants growing in Huangshan such as
firs, ginkgoes, camphor woods Chinese sweet gums, Chinese goldthread
rhizome, Chinese cinnamon and so on. So the Yellow Mountains are important
for botanical research in China. The world famous green tea, Huangshan
Mao Feng Tea, named from the downy tea leaves is also produced in
The fantastic pines, the grotesque rocks, the mysterious sea of clouds
and the clearly hot springs are the four major wonders of the Yellow
The Yellow Mountain has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990
for its natural beauty and its rare species of plants.
Welcoming Pine on Yello Mountain
Flying Stone on Yello Mountain
Cloud Sea Floating through Yellow Mountain
Mt. Wudang is Located southwest of Danjiangkou City, Hubei Province.
It is a famous Taoism resort. It is a combination of natural scenery
and man-made sight. Mt.Wudang is famous for its natural scenery, magnificent
ancient building complex, martial arts tradition and Taoism culture.
The amazing and marvelous natural scenery is scattered everywhere.
Walking through mountains is just like strolling in the pictures.
The magnificent and grand ancient buildings were built in the Tang,
Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. There are 72 temples, 39 bridges,
36 nunneries and 12 pavilions. Among them the Golden Palace is most
famous. Standing on the summit of the 1612 meters high mountain, it
is the main palace and well-preserved. Built in 1416 AD, it is 5.54
meters high, 4.4 meters wide and 3.15 meters deep. The whole building
was made of cast copper structures gilded by gold. So seen from the
distance, the Golden Palace is brilliant and magnificent. A 10-ton
bronze statue of Zhenwu Emperor is erected in the palace. Standing
on the top of the Golden Palace, you will have everything in view.
The Wudang Martial Arts enjoys great popularity, both in China and
abroad. Students of Martial Arts travel from all over the world to
study with the masters in Wudang. The legends said that Zhang Sanfeng,
one famous Taoist who invented the Taiji in Mt. Wudang after he was
inspired by a fight between a magpie and a snake.
Mt.Wudang is also a cradle of Taoist culture in China. Many Taoists
once cultivated themselves in the Mt.Wudang. Many emperors of different
dynasties also contribute to build Taoist temples for publicizing
the Taoist culture.
In summary, the ancient building complex in the Mt.Wudang is a bright
pearl in China. Also in 1994, it was listed as the world cultural
heritage by UNESCO.
Summit of Mount Wudang
Coper Palace on Mount Wudang
Practising Martial Art
Mt. Emei is located in Leshan City, Sichuan Province. It is like a
huge green screen standing in the southwest of the Chengdu Plain.
The shape of the mountain is like the eyebrow of a beautiful girl.
The height of Emei Mountain is over 3000 meters. In 1996 Mt. Emei
was enlisted in the world natural and cultural heritage by the UNESCO.
Mt. Emei is well-known for its enjoyable natural scenery, extensive
Buddhist culture, abundant range of species and unique landform. Thus
it gets such titles as 'Kingdom of Plants', 'Geological Museum', 'Animals'
Paradise' and 'Buddhist Celestial Mountain'.
Due to the mild climate and fertile soil, the mountain is covered
by many kinds of trees, bushes, grass and flowers. The scenery all
the year round is beautiful and in varied views. It is also the habitats
for rare plants and animals such as rhododendron, camphor and small
panda. Mt. Emei was created by the Himalayan mountain-building movement
and the later uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It contains geological
features of all the periods following the Cambrian period.
Mt. Emei is one of the four celebrated Buddhist Mountains in China.
It is said that Buddhism was brought to Mt. Emei in the first century
BC. After nearly 2,000 years of development, Mt. Emei has become a
place rich in Buddhist heritage, which has made it an influential
sacred place in China and even in the whole world.
There are vivid and exquisite statues of Buddha made of clay, wood,
jade, bronze and porcelain. There are a lot of Buddhist temples on
the Mt.Emei. Baoguo Temple built in the Ming Dynasty. It housed a
2.4 meters high porcelain Buddha statue. The big bell weights 12.5
tons casting with 6000 characters. Fuhu Temple, built in the Yuan
Dynasty, has 13 halls. There is a 6-meter high, 17 storied bronze
tower made in the Yuan Dynasty with 4000 engraved Buddhist figures
on it. The 2000 character Guayan Sutras are well preserved in the
temple. Wannian Temple, built in the Saong Dynasty, has a huge bronze
statue of Samantabhadra riding on an elephant. The statue is 7.35
meters high and weights 62 tons. The Copper Hall with a gold plated
roof in Woyun Temple, built in the Ming Dynasty, which is 8 meters
high, 4.8 meter wde and 4.3 meter deep. There is a 5 meters high bronze
statue of Buddha. Ousde the hall is a bronze tablet on which 2564
characters of the scripts of calligrapher Wan Xi zhi of the East Jin
Dynasty (317-420AD) and Chu Suiliang of the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD)
were engraved. The tablet was valued as the treasure of Mt.Emei.
on Religious Ceremony
Wonders of Mt.Emei
In Golden Summit, the sky before the dawn is amazing. The ground and
the sky are in the dark purple. Then gradually rosy clouds appear
above the horizon indicating the sunrise. Under the pink clouds on
the royal purple sky, a small mauve point comes out and rises slowly,
and then little by little it becomes an arc and then a semicircle.
The color turns from mauve to jacinth and then golden red. At last
the whole sun appears in the east sky. After the sunrise, millions
of sun rays shoot onto the ground. At this time the Mt. Emei is gold
in color, from the top to the foot, showing all her glamour to people.
Blue white clouds may raise slowly among the mountain although the
sky is clearly. Just in a moment, vast clouds sea appears above the
horizon like a snowy white woolen blanket, smooth, clean and thick.
Sometimes there are clouds either above the horizon or in the sky,
so people stand between two clouds layers, which make you feel like
a supernatural being. When wind comes, the clouds sea is wafted to
all the directions and then mountains become small islands floating
in a sea; when the clouds sea gathers together, peaks are invisible
again; when wind gets strong, the clouds sea sometimes moves at a
full gallop like a horse; sometimes makes a welter like boiling water;
sometimes becomes elegant and stretching like a fair lady.
In the afternoon, at the foot of the Sheshen Rock, every place is
full of pure white clouds. Then an aura with the color of red, orange,
yellow, green, black blue, blue and purple extends within a radius
of around one to two meters. It looms and shines in the center like
a mirror. Back against the sunlight from the west, sometimes you can
find your own shadow in the aura as if you were facing a bright mirror.
To your most surprise, even if many people were viewing at it or two
persons hugging each other were enjoying it, they could only see themselves.
This is really a marvelous spectacle of Mt. Emei.
In the dark nights, on the peak of Mt. Emei, occasionally, you can
see points of fluorescence flowing between the valleys which are like
lamps. This is the famous scenery saint lamps in Mt. Emei. But it
is rare to see now.