Hangzhou, the paradise in the
world, is so famous for its natural landscape. Hangzhou is the southern
end of the Grand Cannel which was built in the Sui Dynasty (581-618).
The huge waterway spurred the development and prosperity of this
city. In ancient time Hangzhou was always one important and rich
city in southern part of China. Today, Hanzhou is the capital city
of Zhejiang Province. It covers an area of 16,596 square kilometers
with the population of 6.6 million. Hangzhou is one of the ancient
capitals of China with rich historical relics. West Lake, Six Harmonies
Pagoda, Lingyin Temple and Mejiawu Tea Plantation are very popular
among the tourists.
The West Lake
Actually Hangzhou’s fame was much attributed to the beautiful West
Lake. Geological studies indicate that the area was once a bay before
it separated from the sea and became a lake. The lake is 5.6 square
kilometers big with the depth of 2 meters. It was surrounded by
mountains in the north. There is one solitary hill standing in the
lake. The lake was divided into several parts by the causeways such
as Su Causeway and Bai Causeway.
There are three islets in the lake. Three pools
Mirroring the Moon is the biggest one which was piled in the Ming
Dynasty. It is also known as Little Yingzhou Islet, which was named
after a fairly islet in the East Sea in classical Chinese legend.
There are nice buildings such as the Ancestral Temple and Nine Bend
Bridge on the islet. Several small lakes scattered on the islet
with the green trees make the islet more attractive. There are many
scenic spots at the West Lake. From their interesting names you
can feel their beauty and charming. Viewing Fish at Flower Harbour
has peony gardens and fish pond. Listening to the Orioles Singing
has many beautiful weeping willows inhabits many birds. Autumn Moon
on Calm Lake is on the southern edge of the Solitary Hill. It offers
the best place to view the scenery of the West Lake. Around the
West Lake there are many places of interest such as parks, temples
and so on. The beautiful scenery will definitely intoxicate you.
Six Harmonies Pagoda
Six Harmonies Pagoda is located on Yuelun Hill overlooking the Qiantang
River. Originally the pagoda was built during the Northern Song
Dynasty (960-1127). The name 'Liuhe' comes from the six Buddhist
ordinances and it is said that the reason for building this pagoda
is to calm the tides of the Qiantang. The original pagoda was destroyed
in 1121 and it was rebuilt in the Southern Dynasty (1127-1279AD)
and renovated in the succeeding dynasties. It is octagonal in shape
and some 59.89 meters (196 feet) in height. The pagoda looks like
a thirteen-story structure; actually it only has seven interior
stories. There is a spiral staircase leading to the top floor and
upon each of the seven ceilings are carved and painted figures including
animals, flowers, birds and characters. Each story of the pagoda
consists of four parts, the exterior walls, a zigzagged corridor,
and the interior walls and a small chamber.Upon ascending the pagoda,
visitors will have a spectacular view of the Qiantang River Bridge
spanning the surging tides of the Qiantang River.
The Lingyin Temple (The Temple of Soul's Retreat)
Lingyin (Soul's Retreat) Temple is located at Linglin Hills. It
is one of the best-known Buddhist monasteries in China. The Legend
has it that one Indian monk named Huili built the temple after he
decided to hide himself in the graceful peaks in the Eastern Jin
Dynasty (317-420AD). Its major buildings are Hall of the Four Heavenly
Kings and the Grand Hall. In the center of the Grand Hall, stands
a gilded nine-meter-high statue of Sakyamuni sitting on a lotus
flower shaped terrace. Ancient trees thrive in front of the temple,
and a number of pavilions (such as Spring Stream, Gully Thunder
and Cold Spring) are built around the Cool Spring. The temple also
stored valuable sutras of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. After the
tour tourists can taste delicious food in the Lingyin Vegetarian
Mejiawu Tea Plantation is one famous tea plantation
which produces the best green tea in the world. It is very interesting
to visit the tea plantation. You can go to the tea house to enjoy
traditional Chinese tea ceremony. The fragrant tea can quench thirsty
and cool your mind.
Besides these tourist attractions, Yuefei Temple, Yellow Dragon
Cave and Tiger Running Spring are also popular attractions in Hangzhou.
Hangzhou is famous for silk, tea and umbrella.
The Famous food in Hangzhou is Beggar's Chicken,
West Lake Fish in Sweet Sour Source, Dongpo Braised Pork and Fried
Shrimps with Longjing Tea Leaves and so on.