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The Great Mosque in Xian is one of the oldest, largest and best-preserved Islamic mosques in China. It was built in 742 during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). This was a result of Islam being introduced into Northwest China by Arab merchants and travelers from Persia and Afghanistan during the mid-7th century. Some of them settled down in China and married women of Han Nationality. Their descendants became Muslim of today. Covering an area of over 12,000 square meters, the Great Mosque is 248 meters long and 48 meters wide with a well-arranged layout. Unlike many Chinese mosques, it has the layout of a Chinese temple: successive courtyards on a single axis with pavilions and pagodas adapted to suit Islamic function. Unlike a typical Buddhist temple, however, the grand axis of the Great Mosque of Xian is aligned from east to west, facing Mecca. Five successive courtyards, each with a signature pavilion, screen, or freestanding gateway, lead to the prayer hall located at the western end of the axis. The Prayer Hall can hold 1,000 people at a time and according to traditional custom, prayer services are held five times everyday respectively at dawn, noon, afternoon, dusk and night.

Grand Mosque
Grand Mosque

The Terra cotta Warriors and Horses
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda
Xi'an Old City Wall
The Bell Tower
Huaqing Hot Spring
Banpo Village Museum
Shanxi History Museum
Forest of Steles
The Great Mosque
Emperor Qinshihuang's Mausoleum







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