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The resources in China are very rich due to its vast land and complex geology.
Land resources
In China today, 94.97 million hectares of land are cultivated, 128.63 hectares are forests and approximately 400 million hectares are covered with natural grass-type vegetation.
With more than 2,700 billion cubic meters of water flow through the rivers, China has enough water supplies. Despite this, China is rich in water power resources, leading the world in hydroelectric power potential with 680 million kilowatts in reserves.
Mineral resources
China has abundant mineral resources. A total of 171 kinds of minerals have so far been discovered, of which 158 have proven reserves. These include 10 kinds of energy mineral resources such as petroleum, natural gas, coal and uranium; 54 kinds of metallic mineral resources such as tungsten, antimony, iron, manganese, copper, aluminum, lead and zinc; 91 kinds of nonmetallic mineral resources such as graphite, phosphorus, sulfur and saline; and three kinds of water and gas mineral resources such as underground water and mineral water. Currently, the supply of over 92 percent of China's primary energy, 80 percent of its industrial raw materials and more than 70 percent of its agricultural means of production comes from mineral resources.
Fauna and flora resources
China is one of the countries in the world having the most species of wild animals, with the number of terrestrial vertebrates alone exceeding 2,000, accounting for 9.8 percent of the world total. Of this, birds make up the largest proportion, followed by beasts. Bird species so far discovered total 1,189; beasts, 500; amphibians, 210; and reptiles, 320. Many of the terrestrial vertebrate species in China are peculiar to, or are mainly found in the country. For instance, there are 19 species of the pheasant family, such as bamboo partridge, tragopan, blue pheasant and white-crowned king pheasant. Giant panda, regarded as "living fossil," is endemic to China. There is also Pere David's deer, which is of special value to zoological studies and whose wild species has been extinct. Other rare species include takin, tufted deer and sika deer. China also has abundant species of resource animals, with more than 70 fur-bearing species, accounting for 17 percent of total beast species nationwide.
Plant species are abundant. There are more than 30,000 kinds of woody plants, of which the number of arbor species exceeds 2,800. China has almost all kinds of vegetation found in the Northern Hemisphere. Various kinds of forests are distributed in the humid east, while in the cold north are deciduous coniferous forests, and in the warm south, broad-leaved deciduous forests. Compared with that elsewhere around the world, subtropical forests in China cover the largest area, where grow small tracts of surviving ancient plants, such as metasequoia, dove tree and ginkgo, which are regarded as "living fossils" and have disappeared in other parts of the world. The southernmost part of China has tropical semi-evergreen monsoon forests, rain forests and mangroves. In addition to its peculiar species such as metasequoia, dove tree, ginkgo, Chinese cypress, China fir, golden larch, Taiwania, Fujian cypress .China has introduced some tropical plants, such as rubber, oil palm and sisal hemp.
Marine resources
China has broad continental shelf where is rich of resources such as Petroleum and natural gases. Prospecting and exploiting are under way in several locations such as Bo Hai Gulf; the Yellow Sea; the East China Sea; Taiwan Strait; and the South China Sea.
China now has more than 50 salt fields along its coast, with a combined acreage of 337,000 hectares. Sea salt constitutes over 70 percent of China's total production of crude salt, with its annual output exceeding 20 million tons, ranking first worldwide.
Mariculture A total of 20,278 species of marine organisms have been verified living in China's offshore waters. Aquatic farms along the country's coast now cover 164,000 hectares, mainly breeding such shellfish as scallop, oyster and clam, and laminaria.
Tidal energy utilization China's tidal energy reserves amount to 110 million kwh, 21 million kwh of it being exploitable, which can be used to generate 58 billion kwh of power annually. Having larger tidal ranges, Zhejiang and Fujian provinces account for 80 percent of the nation's total coastal tidal energy resources. The Qiantangjiang estuary in Zhejiang has a tidal range of 8.9 meters and is an ideal place for a tidal power plant.

Climate of China
Administrative Divisions of China
Population and Nationality
Political System and State Structure
Resources of China
China's Economy
China's Foreign relations
China's Education
China's Social Security
China's Transportation system

 

 

 


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