Population of China
China is a multi-national state, which has 56 ethnic groups. According
to the statistic figure of 2005, the whole population of china is
1306.28 million. The Han Chinese account for 90.56% of the whole
population and the other 55 minority groups account for 9.44%. 51.53%
of the population is male and 48.47% of the population is female.
42.99% of the people live in the cities and towns, 57.01% of the
people live in the country.
Han Chinese are the main body of the population in China. They mainly
live in the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River, Yangtze
River, and North East China Plain.
55 Ethnic Minority Groups
account for a small percentage of the whole population in China,
the 55 minority ethnic groups such as Mongolian, Manchurian, Tibetan,
Hui, Uygur, miao, yi, Zhuang, Korean, Dai and etc. They scattered
extensively throughout different regions of China. The regions where
they are most concentrated are Southwest China, Northwest China
and Northeast China. Yunnan Province inhabits 25 ethnic groups.
Zhuang Nationality has the largest population (more 16 million)
among minority ethnic groups. However, Luoba Nationality only has
3000 people. Most minorities have their own language. Their culture
and customs are varied.
China’s policy on Nationality
Equality, unity, mutual help and common prosperity are the basic
principles of the Chinese government in handling the relations between
ethnic groups. The Constitution of the PRC specifies that all ethnic
groups are equal. The state guarantees the lawful rights and interests
of the minority peoples. Discrimination against or oppression of
any ethnic group is prohibited; any acts that undermine the unity
of the ethnic groups or create splittism among them are forbidden.
Big-ethnic group chauvinism and ultranationalism are banned. Every
ethnic group has the freedom to use its own spoken and written languages,
and to retain or change its customs or religions. In accordance
with these basic policies, Chinese government practices a system
of national autonomy. The minority ethnic groups enjoy a high degree
to administer their own affairs. China set up 5 autonomous regions
(Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, founded on May 1, 1947; Xinjiang
Uygur Autonomous Region, founded on October 1, 1955; Guangxi Zhuang
Autonomous Region, founded on March 5, 1958; Ningxia Hui Autonomous
Region, founded on October 25, 1958; and Tibet Autonomous Region,
founded on September 9, 1965).
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