The transportation system in China
Great changes have taken place in the transportation system in China
during the last 50 years. China now has developed a comprehensive
system of modern transportation which includes civil aviation, railway,
road traffic, and water transportation. The transportation system
in China is advanced, fast, convenient and safe.
Currently Chinese airports service about 1,279 regular air routes.
1,035 of these are domestic flights (including the routes to Hong
Kong and Macau), while 244 are international. Beijing, Shanghai
and Guangzhou handle the majority of China's air traffic, while
more than 200 Chinese airports (excluding Hong Kong and Macau),
connect 127 domestic cities and 80 international cities (in 38 countries).
These airports are equipped to efficiently handle the ever increasing
volume of air transportation.
The four largest Chinese airlines are Air China, China Southern
Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, and Hainan Airlines. Most airports
have shuttle buses to the city. It is very easy to take taxi from
the airport to the city.
Urban transportation plays an important role in each city of China.
With improvements in road construction, more convenient transport
options are available. Public buses, taxies, bicycles are the most
common to take. In some modern and developed Chinese cities, subway,
light rail and even Maglev trains can all be considered as good
ways for you to get around the city.
By the end of 2005, the total mileage of all highways in China had
already reached 1.9305 million kilometers (1,199,557 miles); carrying
a passenger volume of 16.92 billion people a year. With a total
of 35,000 kilometers (21,748 miles), the overall length of the expressways
in China is the second longest in the world. Almost all Chinese
cities, counties and towns are accessible by highways. Now in China
there are 140 million vehicles.
In 2006, the railway line has already covered a total length of
some 80,000 kilometers (49,710 miles). The main railway arteries
are Jinggunag trunk line (Beijing- Guangzhou), Jinghu trunk line(Beijing-Shanghai),
Jingjiu(Beijing-Kowloon), Jingha trunk line(Beijing-Harbin)and Longhai
International railways serve the routes to Ulan Boator (Mongolia),
Moscow (Russia), Pyongyang (North Korea), Alma-ata (Kazakhstan)
and Hanoi (Vietnam).
With the passenger transport capacity of about one billion a year,
China's railway is always very busy; the trains and train stations
are usually very crowded. In order to alleviate the congestion and
improve efficiency, Steps have been taken to increase speeds, thus
reducing journey times and allowing faster turn round, while ensuring
high standards of safety. This means the modern trains can operate
at speeds between 160 and 200 kilometers (99 ~ 124 miles) per hour.
Passenger trains are numbered by numerals with the capital Chinese
phonetic letters in front. Different letters imply different trains
Z - Through Train, T - High-speed Train, K - Express Train, N -
Fast Train, L - Passenger Extra, Y - Tourist Train ,only four figures
without any letters in front - Local Train
By the end of 2005, the navigable inland waterways in China reached
123,300 kilometers (76,615 miles), especially in the four provinces
of Jiangsu, Guangdong, Hunan and Sichuan. There are 35,242, 10 quay
berths, among which 10 thousand-ton ones are distributed in the
main stream and tributary of Yangtze River as well as the Pearl
River water system. 207,300 ships are under normal operation, transporting
202 million passengers a year. In 2006, there were over 150 coastal
harbors and 23 major inland waterway ports in China.