24 Solar Terms in Chinese
lunar calendar originated from the middle and lower reaches of the
Yellow River. It appeared in the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-24AD).
The ancient Chinese based on knowledge in astronomy, climatology
and agricultural meteorology to invent it. According to the Earth’s
orbit around the Sun Solar Terms divide a year into 24 segments.
Since the Earth takes about one year to complete its orbit once
(360 degree), by dividing it into 24 equal segments, each 15 degrees
(approximately 15 days) will mark a Solar Term. The 24 Solar Terms
generally represent the seasonal change over central China in a
year, and in turn, closely relate to agricultural activities in
Solar Terms are in general named according to the astronomical phenomena,
climatological characteristics or agricultural activities prevalent
at the respective times of the seasons.
The 24 Solar Terms were determined by the changes of the Sun’s
position in the zodiac all through the year. In the lunar calendar,
the date of each solar term is basically fixed, with the minor changes
within one or two days. As a reflection of the regularity of the
changes of the climate in the central part of China, the 24 Solar
Terms still guide the agricultural activities there.
The following chart is a brief introduction of 24 Solar
|24 Solar Terms
||Month and Date
||About on Feb 4th
||The Begining of Spring.
||About on Feb 19th
||The Begining of Raining.
||about on Mar 6th
|| Waking of Hibernating Insects and Small Animals.
||About on Mar 20th
||The Vernal Equinox, the day and night are of equal length.
||About on Apr 5th
||Pure Brightness, the weather gets warmer, this is the time to sweep
the ancestors' graveyard.
||About on Apr 20th
||Rainfall for Grain, it is the time to grow.
About on May 6th
| The Begining of Summer.
||About on May 21st
||Wheat becomes plump.
||About on Jun 6th
||It is the time to growAutumn crops.
||About on Jun 21st
||the Summer Solstice, the daytime is the longest in a year.
||About on Jul 7th
||About on Jul 23rd
||The hottest time in the year.
||About on Aug 8th
||The begining of the Autumn.
||About on Aug 23rd
||It marks the end of the summer.
||About on Sep 8th
||White dew, the dew curdles.
||About on Sep 23rd
||The Autumn Equinox, the day time and the night time are equal.
||About on Oct 8th
||Cold dew, the weather gets distinctively colder and the leaves begin
||About on Oct 23rd
||Frost descends in the early morning.
||About on Nov 7th
||The begining of Winter.
||About on Nov 22nd
||It starts snowing.
||About on Dec 7th
||Heavy snow begins.
||About on Dec 22nd
||The Winter Solstice, the shortest day time in the year.
||About on Jan 6th
||It is rather cold.
||About on Jan 21st
||The coldest time in a year.