Feng Shui is a kind of geomancy, which guided ancient Chinese
people to choose sites to build cities, houses and burial grounds.
Feng means wind and Shui means water, both of them are the main
components of the geographical surroundings. The core of Feng Shui
is earthly breath (Qi). Ancient Chinese believed that Qi would disperse
by wind and stop by water. It moves like wind but can eddy and stagnate.
So the ideal site for building a city, a house, and a tomb must
be able to gather the earthly breath of Qi. Chinese people also
believed that Feng Shui can influence the fortune of the family
and their descendants.
“Man is an integral part of nature”, “Harmony between man and
Earth”, and “Heaven and Earth interacts on each other” , which
were traditional concepts of Chinese people. So the view of Feng
Shui actually is the manifestation of traditional view of environment.
Ancient Chinese supposed the
heaven as the father, the earth as the mother. The heaven and the
earth bred all creatures. The earth was like our human body with
main and collateral channels and points. So the points of Feng Shui
are the points of geographical surroundings, the place that has
energy and life. The ideal point of Feng Shui is like the point
of womb where breeding life, Yin and Yang combining, and Qi gathering.
The site with ideal Feng Shui must be a place where natural geographical
components are well-balanced. It should have good geology, topography,
hydrology, soil, vegetation, sunshine and wind direction etc. All
these key elements must be in unity and well-balanced and they can
consist of an organic ecosystem. Artificial Feng Shui was also applied
to produce an auspicious aura in which the cosmic currents may generate
for the creation of favorable Feng Shui for the benefit of the people.
For example, the artificial mountains, lakes built in the cities,
symbolic figurines built on the roofs, and the pictures pasted on
Feng Shui theory produced in ancient China, after absorbed content
from the traditional Chinese culture, philosophy, religious belief
as well as superstitious thoughts it became very complicated. It
contains scientific components, idealism and feudal superstition.
Today it is still popular and we should discard the dross and assimilate
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